Skip to content

Educational Articles

Cats + Diagnosis

  • Cytology is the microscopic examination of cells that have been collected from body tissues. Fine needle aspiration (FNA), also called fine needle biopsy, is the most frequently used technique in cytology. It is typically used to sample lumps and bumps on the body; however, it is also used to evaluate internal organs and body fluids. A sterile fine gauge needle is attached to an empty syringe and is introduced into the tissue. The tissue cells or fluid are aspirated when the plunger of the syringe is drawn back while the needle is held in the tissue. The cells are placed onto a clean glass slide, dried, and stained with special dyes. The cells are then examined under a microscope. Cytology by FNA does not always provide a diagnosis but contributes valuable information that ultimately leads to a final diagnosis.

  • Flow cytometry is a laboratory technique that can be used for counting, examining, and sorting cells. The technology to perform flow cytometry is often incorporated into automated laboratory equipment such as hematology analyzers.

  • A Holter monitor (also called an ambulatory electrocardiography device) is named after its inventor, Dr. Norman J. Holter who was a prominent American biophysicist of the 1940's. A Holter monitor is a portable device used to monitor the electrical activity of the heart continuously.

  • Calcium is a mineral that is found in small quantities throughout the body. It is plays an important role in such varied and vital functions as muscle contraction, transmission of nerve impulses, blood clotting, and bone growth. Hypercalcemia is when the level of calcium in the blood is higher than normal.

  • Calcium is a mineral that is found in small quantities throughout the body. It plays an important role in such diverse and vital functions including muscle contraction, transmission of nerve impulses, blood clotting, and bone growth. Hypocalcemia means that the level of calcium in the blood is abnormally low.

  • Generally, the following screening tests are recommended: a complete blood count (CBC), a serum biochemical profile, and a urinalysis.

  • Generally, the following screening tests are recommended when liver disease is suspected: a complete blood count (CBC), a serum biochemical profile, and a urinalysis.

  • Careful monitoring of epileptic pets is necessary, not only to make sure the dose of the medicine is right, but also to ensure there are no problems related to the long-term use of the medication.

  • The pancreas is a glandular organ located close to the liver, the stomach and the small intestine. Pancreatitis is generalized inflammation of the pancreas. Disease of the exocrine portion of the pancreas results in insufficient production of the enzymes required for proper digestion of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Different tests are used to diagnose the different pancreatic diseases.

  • Pancreatitis is a disease caused by inflammation of the pancreas. In the cat, inflammation of the pancreas is often part of a larger inflammatory condition that typically involves the liver and intestine, as well as the pancreas. Clinical signs are often vague and non-specific, and include lethargy, poor appetite, weight loss, and dehydration. Pancreas-specific lipase is a form of lipase produced only in the pancreas. It is highly specific to the pancreas and blood values increase only when there is pancreatic inflammation.