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Educational Articles

Diagnosis

  • An ultrasound examination, also known as ultrasonography, is a non-invasive imaging technique that allows internal body structures to be seen by recording echoes or reflections of ultrasonic waves.

  • Urinalysis is a routine test that reports the physical and chemical properties of urine. It is used mainly to assess the health of the kidneys and urinary system, but it can also reveal problems in other organ systems, and is important for diagnosing metabolic disease such as diabetes mellitus.

  • Cortisol is a stress hormone that is excreted from the body in the urine. The amount of cortisol in the urine reflects the average cortisol concentration in the blood at the time that the urine was formed. However, this measurement is affected by the concentration of the urine.

  • The presence of protein in urine is called proteinuria, and it may indicate that the kidneys are not working properly.

  • The urine protein:creatinine ratio is a simple test that measures how much protein is being lost through the kidneys. It is used to determine whether a pet may have serious kidney disease.

  • Feline viral testing typically encompasses testing for feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and coronavirus which causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). FeLV is one of the most important highly contagious viruses in cats as it is responsible for a number of diseases including leukemia. FIV is a virus that weakens the immune system's response to other infectious agents. Testing for FeLV and FIV is recommended to detect underlying causes to illness, to screen apparently healthy cats who may have been exposed to the viruses, and to identify carriers of the viruses prior to introducing cats into a household of other cats. FIP testing is somewhat more problematic.

  • Testing for FeLV is recommended to detect underlying causes to illness, to screen apparently healthy cats who may have been exposed to the viruses, and to identify carriers of the viruses prior to introducing cats into a household of other cats. Testing for coronavirus is indicated when FIP is suspected. In-clinic blood tests are available for FeLV. Confirmatory testing of any positive tests is recommended at referral laboratories, usually using DNA tests. Vaccination against FeLV will not affect the outcome of a cat already infected with the virus nor will it affect testing.

  • Von Willebrand's disease causes an inability for blood to clot resulting in inappropriate bleeding. It is most commonly seen in Dobermans. If this disease is suspected, initial screening tests include complete blood count (CBC), buccal mucosal bleeding time, and a coagulation profile. More advanced diagnostics include assays that assess the quantity and functionality of vWF. DNA testing is available and most commonly used to evaluate breeding stock.

  • Wellness Testing is a program of check-ups and blood tests designed to detect early or hidden disease in pets that appear to be healthy.

  • Wellness Testing is a program of check-ups and blood tests designed to detect early or hidden disease in pets that appear to be healthy.