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Educational Articles

Medications

  • Buspirone (Buspar®) is a human antidepressant drug. It has been shown to be effective in a significant number of cats with elimination (urination or defecation) disorders such as inappropriate urination, especially urine marking and other behavior problems.

  • Calcitriol is used to regulate calcium levels in the blood. It is a Vitamin D analogue that promotes the absorption of calcium from the intestinal tract. It may be used to treat calcium deficiency associated with hypoparathyroidism. It has also been used to reduce parathyroid hormone concentrations in dogs with chronic kidney disease.

  • Captopril is an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE inhibitor) that is used to lower blood pressure and to improve heart function.

  • Carprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent used to relieve pain and inflammation in dogs.

  • Cefpodoxime (brand names Simplicef ® and Vantin ®) is an oral antibiotic used to treat certain skin infections in dogs. It may be used off label to treat skin infections in cats and urinary tract infections in dogs. There are very few side effects of cefpodoxime, however it may cause complete loss of appetite in cats which can lead to serious complications. Some medications may interact with cefpodoxime, so it is important to tell your veterinarian about any medications that your pet is taking.

  • Cephalexin (brand names Rilexine®, Keflex®, Vetolexin®) is an oral antibiotic that is used to treat pyoderma and other bacterial skin infections in dogs and is used off label or extra-label in cats to treat pyoderma and some other types of skin infections. It is sometimes used off label or extra-label to treat urinary tract infections in cats and dogs. Side effects to cephalexin are usually mild and rarely occur. It may cause gastrointestinal upset including lack of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea. Do not use cephalexin in pets that have a known hypersensitivity or allergy to cephalosporins.

  • Cephalosporins are a group of antibiotics used to treat infections caused by gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Cephalosporins are most commonly used to treat respiratory, skeletal, urinary, skin and soft tissue infections.

  • Cetirizine (brand name Zyrtec®, Reactine®) is an antihistamine used to treat pruritus (itching) associated with atopic dermatitis, urticaria (hives), and insect-bite reactions in cats and dogs. Its use is in cats and dogs is ‘off label’ or ‘extra-label’. Cetirizine does not typically cause any side effects. Vomiting and increased salivation has been observed in some dogs. Certain drugs are known to interact with cetirizine including central nervous system depressants (e.g., diazepam, alprazolam) and digoxin.

  • Chlorambucil is used to suppress the immune system and to treat abnormal tissue growth that may be either benign or cancerous. Examples of conditions the drug may be used for include lymphocytic leukemia, multiple myeloma, glomerulonephritis, non-erosive arthritis, immune-mediated skin disease, feline pemphigus foliaceous and severe feline eosinophilic granuloma complex.

  • Chloramphenicol (brand names Chloromycetin® and Viceton®) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used to treat many different bacterial infections, including those caused by anaerobic bacteria and Rickettsia. Chloramphenicol comes in tablet form, capsules, as a liquid suspension, and also in an injectable form (chloramphenicol sodium succinate). Exposure in humans can have severe consequences that are irreversible, so care must be taken to avoid accidental exposure.